Buczkowski, Leonard

(1900-1967)
   One of Poland's most accomplished filmmakers during the early postwar period, Buczkowski began his career as an assistant of Wiktor Biegański. In 1928 he directed his first film, Daredevils (Szaleńcy, rereleased in 1934 in the sound version), the patriotic picture about Józef Piłsudski's Legionnaires, which was awarded the Grand Prix and Gold Medal at the World Exhibition in Paris in 1929. Before 1939 Buczkowski directed eight films, including The Baltic Rhapsody (Rapsodia Bałtyku, 1935), Florian (1938), and Professor Wilczur's Last Will (Testament Profesora Wilczura, 1939, released by the Germans in 1942). Buczkowski became the only established prewar film director to be able to make films in Communist Poland, and he produced some of the most popular films during the postwar period. In 1947 he directed Forbidden Songs (Zakazane piosenki), generally regarded as the first postwar Polish film and one of the most popular Polish films ever, with fifteen million viewers. The film narrates an anthology of songs popular in Warsaw during the occupation. In his next film, the unpretentious comedy Treasure (Skarb, 1949), Buczkowski employed the prewar star Adolf Dymsza and two young leading actors who started their careers in Forbidden Songs, Danuta Szaflarska and Jerzy Duszyński. The film featureed topical Warsaw humor and the poetics of prewar Polish comedies, coupled with current problems such as the lack of housing. The director was credited as "Marian Leonard" as a punishment for making a number of short films for German companies during the war. Buczkowski's next popular comedy, An Adventure at Marienstadt (Przygoda na Mariensztacie, 1954), the first Polish film in color, serves as the best example of socialist realist comedy. Although active until his death, Buczkowski never repeated the commercial success of his earlier films in his next seven productions, including the war dramas The Submarine Eagle (Orzeł, 1959) and Time Past (Czas przeszły, 1961) and two contemporary films referring to the war events, The Case of Pilot Maresz (Sprawa pilota Maresza, 1955) and An Interrupted Flight (Przerwany lot, 1964).
   Other films: Squadron of the Stars (Gwiaździsta eskadra, 1930), The Shaft L-23 (Szyb 23, 1932), The Haunted Manor (Straszny dwór, 1936), White Slave (Biały murzyn, 1938), First Start (Pierwszy start, 1951), Rainy July (Deszczowy lipiec, 1958), Teenager (Smarkula, 1963), Maria and Napoleon (Marysia i Napoleon, 1966).
   Historical Dictionary of Polish Cinema by Marek Haltof

Guide to cinema. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Buczkowski, Leonard — • БУЧКО ВСКИЙ (Buczkowski) Леонард (5.8.1900 19.2.1967)    польск. режиссёр. В кино с 1922. Работал ассистентом режиссёра, делал репортажи, снимался. Реж. дебют ф. Безумцы (1928). В предвоен. годы ставил ф. в осн. развлс кат. характера. После… …   Кино: Энциклопедический словарь

  • Leonard Buczkowski — (* 5. Juli 1900 in Warschau; † 19. Februar 1967 in Warschau) war ein polnischer Filmregisseur und Drehbuchautor. Leonard Buczkowski erhielt von 1920 bis 1922 eine Filmschauspielerausbildung im Filmstudio von Stanisław Wysocki und Wiktor Biegański …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • List of films made in Poland in the Interwar Period — Poland existed as a state for the first time in over a hundred years with the proclamation of the Second Polish Republic in 1919. This regime lasted until Poland was partitioned by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union in the fall of 1939. During… …   Wikipedia

  • Unterseeboot Orzel — Filmdaten Deutscher Titel Unterseeboot Orzel Originaltitel Orzeł P …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • List of World War II films — Below is an incomplete list of fictional feature films or mini series which feature events of World War II in the narrative. A separate list of full fledged TV series appears at the end. Contents 1 Restrictions 2 Films made during the war …   Wikipedia

  • List of films set in Warsaw — Since World War II Warsaw has been the second most important centre of film production in Poland. As the capital of Poland it has also been featured in countless films, both Polish and foreign. The following is a list of such films.Polish* Love… …   Wikipedia

  • Beata Tyszkiewicz — eigentl. Gräfin Beata Maria Helena Tyszkiewicz von Kalenicki zu Łohoisk und Berdiczew (* 14. August 1938 in Wilanów) ist eine polnische Schauspielerin. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jerzy Duszyński — Born Jerzy Duszyński 15 May 1917(1917 05 15) Moscow, Russia Died 23 July 1978(1978 07 23) (aged 61) Warsaw, Poland …   Wikipedia

  • An Adventure at Marienstadt — (Przygoda na Mariensztacie, 1954)    The first Polish film in color, directed by Leonard Buczkowski during the socialist realist period. Buczkowski s comedy proved to be one of the most popular films screened in Poland. Set in the destroyed… …   Guide to cinema

  • Biegański, Wiktor — (1892 1974)    Actor, writer, director, and producer and the founder of the film cooperative Kinostudia in 1921 and the Warsaw Film Institute (Instytut Filmowy) in 1924, which produced a number of prominent prewar Polish stars such as Nora Ney,… …   Guide to cinema

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